When Was The Peace Agreement Signed In Northern Ireland

IICD confirmed that the dismantling of paramilitary weapons had not taken place in 1998. [fn]”IRA guns: The list of weapons,” BBC News, 26 September 2005, news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/northern_ireland/4284048.stm. [/efn_note] This is because the Good Friday Agreement has created complex agreements between the various parties. The three areas of action of the pact have created a network of institutions to govern Northern Ireland (Strand One), bring together the heads of state and government in Northern Ireland with those of Ireland (Strand Two or North-South Cooperation) and bring together heads of state and government from across the United Kingdom and Ireland (Beach 3 or East-West). There are currently more than 140 areas in Northern Ireland-Republic of Ireland, cross-border cooperation, including health services, energy infrastructure and police work. Many experts and political leaders fear that any disruption of this cooperation could undermine confidence in the agreement and hence the basis for peace in Northern Ireland. Both views have been recognized as legitimate. For the first time, the Irish government agreed, in a binding international agreement, that Northern Ireland was part of the United Kingdom. [9] The Irish Constitution has also been amended to implicitly recognize Northern Ireland as part of the sovereign territory of the United Kingdom[7] provided that the majority of the population of the island`s two jurisdictions has agreed to a unified Ireland.

On the other hand, the language of the agreement reflects a change in the UK`s emphasis on the one-for-eu law to United Ireland. [9] The agreement therefore left open the question of future sovereignty over Northern Ireland. [10] The outcome of the agreement was greeted with relief by supporters of the agreement. The extent of skepticism and anti-agreement within the Unionist community, its persistent concerns about aspects of the agreement and the differing expectations of the agreement in both communities are expected to create difficulties in the years to come. The agreement was formally concluded between the British and Irish governments as well as eight northern Ireland political parties, including Sinn Féin, the Ulster Unionist Party, the SDLP and the Alliance Party. The DUP was the only major political group to oppose it. The two main political parties in the agreement were the Ulster Unionist Party (UUP), led by David Trimble, and the Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP), led by John Hume. The two heads of state and government together won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1998. The other parties to the agreement were Sinn Féin, the Alliance Party and the Progressive Unionist Party.

The Democratic Unionist Party (DUP), which later became the largest Unionist party, did not support the agreement. When Sinn Féin and loyalist parties entered, they left the talks because republican and loyalist paramilitary weapons had not been decommissioned. Parliamentary elections were held in November 2003, which led them to strengthen their electoral power. But the IRA deplored the fact that the Unionists` paramilitaries were still active and accused Sinn Fein and the DUP of not working to stop the violence.