The objective of preferential origin is to make goods duty-free when exporting to a free trade agreement or to subject them to a reduced duty. This document is accompanied by a certificate of movement of goods or a declaration of country of origin on invoice. Compliance with non-preferential country of origin rules does not exempt goods from customs when imported into a third country – these country of origin rules only apply if the destination country requires a country of origin certificate for importation. This should not be confused with the issue of Swissness (“Made in Switzerland”), which is subject to another set of rules. The UK government is also conducting trade negotiations with countries that do not currently have trade agreements with the EU, such as the United States, Australia and New Zealand. Modern EU free trade agreements want to do more than reduce tariffs. In addition, they aim to improve market access by removing non-tariff barriers (for example. B, regulatory cooperation), liberalizing trade in services and opening markets to public procurement. These agreements go far beyond the scope of the WTO.
These include competition rules, access to foreign direct investment and rules guaranteeing sustainability (employment and the environment). The EU is working to modernise previous agreements with Chile and Mexico, which contain only fundamental economic aspects. If the UK were to act in accordance with WTO rules, tariffs would apply to most of the products that British companies send to the EU. This would make British goods more expensive and more difficult to sell in Europe. The UK could also do so for EU products if it so wishes. Trade with Japan represents only 2% of the UK`s total volume, so the government expects the agreement to contribute 0.07% of GDP in the long term. Implementation in the SME sector is often not given sufficient attention to free trade agreements and the origin statements of exporting firms. To determine the country of origin, it is necessary to coordinate the management of the company, the export department, procurement, quality assurance, logistics and finance.
For example, if the purchasing service changes supplier due to lower prices (old countries of origin, Switzerland, new countries of origin, China and the third country), the export department must also be informed, as this could change the country of origin. Changes in prices and production or fluctuations in exchange rates may also affect the valuation of the country of origin. If the calculations are not checked regularly and thus give false information, this can lead to retroactive payment of customs duties and significant fines against companies. Fact sheets, Vietnamese trade in your city, texts of agreements, stories of exporters Discussions between the EU and the UK are under way to reach a free trade agreement after Brexit before the end of the year. The combination allows the use of products originating from a signatory country, as they have already been imported with certificates of origin from their country of origin. This means that primary materials that are already products originating from another signatory country should not be properly processed in Switzerland.